After years of war and fighting, southern Sudan has reached a crucial moment in their 55 year history of ethnic violence, a referendum on independence.
Southern Sudan, Africa’s largest country, has scheduled their declaration of independence for July. In the 1920’s Sudan was divided into Northern and Southern Sudan. Since their succession from the British in 1956, the north and south have been in civil war.
Although the North and South have been in war for decades in the past six months, there has been almost no major ethnic violence. All signs point to the Muslim-North and the Christian-South dividing.
The South has suffered from decades of civil war and marginalization.
With their existing issues many are worried South Sudan could be the next Somalia, destroyed by ethnic violence and civil war.
According to Oxfam, only one in seven children who live past their first year die before the age of five.
According to New York Times, ethnic fighting swept the south with several thousand people killed in military-grade attacks in 2009, fueled by longstanding ethnic rivalries and a sudden, suspicious increase in high-powered weaponry.
If the South surpass the 60 per cent of registered votes needed to ensure the outcome’s validity.
Source: New York Times
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